Davenport aldermen have approved an archaeological survey of the War of 1812 battle site at Credit Island.
On Wednesday, aldermen voted to pay Commonwealth Cultural Resources Group Inc., of Jackson, Mich., up to $46,007.84 for the survey.Last year the city received a battlefield preservation grant from the National Park Service.
Davenport's role in the War of 1812 is important, said CCRG regional director Chris Espenshade. Part of the war's western campaign, the Credit Island battle included the Sauk leader Black Hawk, he said.
The archaeological survey could lead to signs identifying battle sites at Credit Island, Mr. Espenshade said. Already listed on the Davenport Register of Historic Properties and Local Landmarks, the island is a likely candidate for the National Register of Historic Places, he said, with the survey helping to define boundaries for such a designation.
Credit Island has had several names over the years, with its current name coming from the island's use as a fur trading post in theearly 1800s, according to River Action Inc.
According to Mr. Espenshade, in September 1814 the U.S. had eight large boats trying to get upstream in an effort to win back control of the area from the British. TheAmericans, led by Maj. Zachary Taylor -- who later would become president -- neared Credit Island before the wind shifted.
"The wind was blowing to the south, and they couldn't go further upstream," Mr. Espenshade said. "They stopped for the night at the head of Willow Island (near Credit Island). They were having anchor issues with a couple of their boats."
Mr. Espenshade said the Americans tried to clear Willow Island of Indians. The Indians reportedly fled back to Credit Island and the British fired on the American boats, forcing the Americans to move south to take care of their wounded.
"Accounts (of the battle) vary," he said. "We are hopeful we will find intact deposits.
"There would have been British 3-pounder cannon balls (with) the Indians out there both firing and being fired upon," Mr. Espenshade said."There could be small-arm musket balls, buttons, equipment, gun parts. We may see bits out there knocked off the boats."
In the battle, the Americans were outnumbered by British soldiers and Sauk and Fox Indians, Mr. Espenshade said. The most reported battle statistics list three Americans killed and 11 wounded.
"On the other side, some reports say one or two Indians were killed and no British casualties," he said.
As part of the survey, CCRG staff will interview historians and reach out to anyone who has found artifacts with the hopes of photographing the artifacts, Mr. Espenshade said. By summer, CCRG wants to have its work completed so it may present its findings to the public.
"We would like to have one or two meetings at the local library and have people bring in artifacts or pictures," he said. "We'll do more archival research and a military terrain analysis, where you're looking at the battlefield from a soldier's perspective."
"We're also hoping to do a meeting for local school teachers so they can use this information as a teaching opportunity," Mr. Espenshade said. "It's a great resource."
Today is Tuesday, March 11, the 70th day of 2014. There are 295 days left in the year. 1864 -- 150 years ago: Much damage is being done by hogs that are running at large about town. The marshal will take them up and sell them if their owners do not contain them. 1889 -- 125 years ago: George Newberry, Daniel Strecker, Al Webb and James Dixon returned from a voyage down the Mississippi River as far as Memphis, Tenn., on a flat. 1914 -- 100 years ago: Augustana College was put out of the running for the state collegiate basketball title when defeated by Millikin. The Viking lineup included Sten, Samuelson and Swanbeck, forwards, and Holtgren, Johnson and Berg, guards. 1939 -- 75 years ago: The coronation of Pope Pius XII and preliminary ceremonies were broadcast by WHBF on the Mutual Radio Network. 1964 -- 50 years ago: Reactivation of a portion of the J.I. Case Co, plant in Rock Island as a supplier for component parts for the firm's manufacturing centers at Racine, Wis., or Burlington, Iowa, is under consideration. 1989 -- 25 years ago: Downtown Moline business owners will have a chance to help shape the city's future through a survey being done by the Bi-State Metropolitan Planning Commission.