Posted Online: Dec. 06, 2012, 7:00 pm

Day of Infamy remembered

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Photo:
In this Dec. 7, 1941 file photo provided by the U.S. Navy, the USS Arizona is pictured in flames after the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor in Pearl Harbor, Hawaii. The attack sank four U.S. battleships and destroyed 188 U.S. planes. Another four battleships were damaged, along with three cruisers and three destroyers. More than 2,200 sailors, Marines and soldiers were killed.
What: Imperial Japan attacks the U.S. Navy's Pacific Ocean Fleet
When: 7:55 a.m.; Dec. 7, 1941, Seventy-one years ago today.
Where: Pearl Harbor, Hawaii.
Why: Japan sought to limit U.S. ability to interfere with establishment of a "Greater East Asia Co-Prosperity Sphere" to be ruled by the Japanese emperor.
How: 353 warplanes launched from six aircraft carriers.
Immediate result: Twenty-one American warships sunk or damaged, 2,403 people killed and 1,178 wounded.
Long-term result: The U.S. declared war on Japan, after a passionate speech by President Franklin D. Roosevelt, who described Dec. 7 as "a day that will live in infamy." The war ended three years and eight months later when the U.S. dropped two atomic bombs on Japanese cities.
Longer term result: Japan emerged from a post-war American occupation as a democracy in which the emperor was reduced to figure-head status. The two nations have been firm allies since.